Thursday, July 31, 2014

Is NP = co-NP


Is NP = co-NP
____


Where X and Y are random proofing numbers

A scenario such as this would hold true at any point given that NP = co-NP

Using an equation such as this to validate the equality of NP and co-NP


If NP = co-NP, then (X (NP)) + Y = (X (co-NP)) + Y


Any equation will suffice to prove whether or not NP = co-NP

P = NC capable logic (Conjecture)

NC=P

Given NC= P, then any form of the situation would be true.

Were NC addition 47+32= P
Since X+Y=Addition=P
This would be something as in

Is P = (NC Set)

NC Class being a defined set.

If P = (X +Y = Z) then P = (NC Set)
If P = (NC Class) then Solve

One would define all possible cases that P = (NC Set) attempt to match.

NC Set = NCS
   

(X+Y=Z)= NCS
((A)(B)) = NCS
((A)/(B))= NCS

Etc. until each element of any problem that is NC is defined as a formula in the NC Set.


Perhaps utilize a subscript by each element of the NC set to give it individuality, as well as allow for P to equal one unit of the NC set.

Then If P = NCS is True, then P = NC

Stabbing Rocks with A Knife ~ Geology Questions Answered

Saw these questions and I was bored. Nobody seems to ask me questions anymore.


    •    How did Earth and other planets form? Were planets formed in situ? Or are orbital changes relatively frequent? What determined the different deep layering of the solar planets? [1]

The sun formed before the planets, the sun provided the gravity for orbit, mass gets caught in the orbit of the sun, mass is also effected by the gravity of other mass. The location and entry point of the extrasolar mass would effect where it would lay in orbit.

More massive objects being more attracted to gravity would retain closer to the star, less massive objects drift farther away. The mass accumulates in orbit by density and is attracted by larger satellites.  This would explain mercury being more dense than venus, and mars being less dense than the earth, mercury, and venus. As the earth is larger, its founding satellites would have attracted more matter.

The weak pull of gravity on gaseous and light elements explain why the gas giant planets formed in the outer reaches of the solar system, eventually becoming more dense due to the temperature, allowing them to coalesce with themselves and be attracted by the gravity of any founding solid planetoid in a similar orbit.

So the planets were formed in situ, as explained by the statements above. Small planets that orbit well outside of the solar system are easily captured extrasolar bodies that crossed into the suns gravity near its extremities.


The different layering of the solar planets would largely be affected by the density of the elements that found them, the more dense elements being more so effected by gravity would sift towards the core of the planet, as well as be more so inclined in the beginning of formation to settle in an orbit within the effect of a founding satellites established gravity.

The circular rotation of planets would rid them of their lighter elements were there not as much gravity, the lack of impact imparted by gravity on the lighter elements would explain why they will consist much more so near the outer limits of a planet. Rocks move just as water does, simply very slowly. In water, the denser objects sink more so readily than less dense objects. This would apply to the elements allowing the dense elements to sink with more fervor than the lighter elements that surround them.  The impact of the planets tectonics of equivocal would also hasten the process of sinking the denser elements.


    •    Was there ever a collision of the Earth with another planet Theia, giving birth to our satellite? [2] There is compelling evidence, such as measures of a shorter duration of the Earth's rotation and lunar month in the past, pointing to a Moon much closer to Earth during the early stages of the Solar System.

Given that there was another planet, this would differ from the usual notion that a large asteroid body such as an had created the moon. In order for this to be determined, one would use geologic aging to view rocks that were around at exactly the time the moon was formed. This would tell the size of the impacting body that created the moon by the levels of disturbed material.  This may not exist as the layers that had recorded such events may have slipped into unreachable depths or been erased entirely by the heat of the core.






    •    What is the long-term heat balance of Earth? How did its internal temperature decay since it formed by accretion of chondrites? How abundant are radiogenic elements in the interior? Did a "faint young sun" ever warm a "snowball Earth"?

To see the change in direct input of the sun one would lineate the rate of the expansion of the sun and correlate that to an output of energy. This would state the amount of light received by the Earth, how much this has changed. The temperature correlates with the amount of light emitted by the sun, and given that the temperature was below freezing with the amount of light an early sun put out, then the Earth could have been partially or completely frozen at the time.

Highly radioactive elements are abundant at a rate determined by the age of the elements. Highly radioactive elements slowly lose their radioactivity over time, and eventually become inert lead. The amount of radioactive material will correlate inversely with the age of the planet. Accessible parts per million measurements of radioactive elements have been determined, being the heavier elements, a guess of a solution is.

((p%done)-(89/90))(percent of crust))

where p%done = percentile density of natural element

 e.g. U = 100th percentile= 1-(89/90)=1/90th,or perhaps


((1/90th) ( percent abundance)) = an estimate for total abundance in the planet





    •    What made plate tectonics a dominant process only on Earth? [6] How did the planet cool down before plate tectonics?[7] Was the Earth's crust formed during the early stages of its evolution or is it the result of a gradual distillation of the mantle that continues today along with crustal recycling? Is the crust still growing or does its recycling compensate for crust formation at mid-ocean ridges and other volcanic areas?


Plate tectonics is a sensitive process. Things that could easily impact plate tectonics are the density of the Earth (higher than other planets), the pressure from the ocean, and the length of the day on earth (the amount of rotation).

The density would add to the equation, as density, temperature, and pressure correlate, this would accelerate the rates at which the materials inside of the earth become molten. Molten rocks are essentially the butter of rocks, allowing rock faces to slip more easily.  The pressure from the ocean could easily apply high water pressure into volcanic vents and volcanoes beneath the sea. This would halt some of the expulsion of molten material from the vents, and effectively working as a lid to keep pressure inside of the cauldron.

The rotation of the day easily could effect the plates just as spinning a bottle, the rotating motion creates little whirlpool currents inside of the bottle, this effect could be adding to the equation by creating molten volcanic currents.  Mars has a day of the same length, however it lacks the density of Earth, which was a major impacting figure in the Plate tectonics.


__

Many things such as vents could easily form in any area where there is relatively low density or areas where the constituents have a low melting point, this could allow any exceptionally hot magma to boil to the surface in the event there were no volcanoes to eschew the substance from the deeps.

__

The crust is made up of many elements. The layers of the crust have been identified and demonstrate the major constituents of the planet. Due to subduction, much of the crust has likely been recycled and forms itself over and over again. The crust is formed by many things, however before the was very much if any organic life, the majority of the crust would have been contributed by the expulsion of magma, rather than the intake of crustal elements by life-forces.


Subduction likely counters any effect of crust growth, given that the crust grew at any rate, the crust would not coat the earth so fittingly and uniformly as crust would pile up faster than subduction would return it to the magma.
_____



Can the now widely available topographic data be used to derive past tectonic and climatic conditions (in the multi-million year scale)? Do we know enough about the erosion and transport processes? Does the stocasticity of meteorological and tectonic events reflect in the landscape? How much has life contributed to shape the Earth's surface?

_________




The topographic data in terms of altitude cannot, as topographic data only shows new and current growth; however geologic data does confer much information about the past. This is limited by the technology that would provide information from deep layers of the crust, as well as the amount that the crust has been effected by the heat of the earth.

    Erosion is predictable and can be demonstrated in a laboratory to provide rates at which certain substances and mixtures will erode. Knowing enough is different from having the data on current climate problems such as desiccation, agriculture, mining and deforestation. These impact both erosion and the transportation of soil. These are much different impacting forces than simple erosion and transportation of soil, as these forces greatly accelerate both erosion and transportation.


    Yes, the consistent metrological and tectonic events do reflect in the landscape, think the San Fransico Earthquake in 1906 or the flood from Hurricane Katrina. The natural events that are not disasters are prevalent in formations such as the San Andreas Fault, however these are quite subtle. In terms of stocasticity, one could use a distribution of probability to attempt to notice a trend, however the randomness of such things makes them very difficult if not impossible to predict, one will notice that Mt. Saint Helens effected the landscape after it erupted, however using this data to predict a future explosion is relatively inaccurate.


    Life contributes to the shape of the Earths surface very subtly in some ways such as the Pyramids, or the mounds of the Mississippi Mound Builders. In other ways man made devices such as canals and strip mines impact the surface. These things are subtle and quite small, so the impact on the shape of the surface is quite minimal. The impact on the biological aspects of the surface and very well known and proven to be harmful.



___

Can classical geomorphological concepts such as 'peneplanation' or 'retrogressive erosion' be quantitatively understood? Old mountain ranges such as the Appalachian or the Urals seem to retain relief for >10^8 years, while fluvial valleys under the Antarctica are preserved under moving ice of kilometric thickness since the Neogene. What controls the time-scale of topographic decay? [Egholm, 2013, Nature]


____


    For anything to be quantitatively understood there must be sufficient data. Given there is no way to collect the data, then no, the forces cannot be quantitatively understood. One would have to collect data by finding a current area where peneplanation is occurring to attempt to formulate an equation that would quantify a rate at which this occurs, in a geological time frame this could take a very long time.


In Antarctica there is simply nowhere for the eroded dirt to go, the erosion is trapped under the ice. This means the erosion will erode, however it will not escape, the lack of running water in Antarctica would explain much of the lack of erosion, as the snow protects the dirt from the majority of the erosion from wind and desiccation.

__
Many factors control the time-scale of topographic decay, everything from sunlight, water, wind, flora, fauna, geologic activity, and man-made interaction.


______

What are the erosion and transport laws governing the evolution of the Earth’s Surface?[Willenbring et al., Geology, 2013] Rivers transport sediment particles that are at the same time the tools for erosion but also the shield protecting the bedrock. How important is this double role of sediment for the evolution of landscapes?

_____


Erosion and transport laws would be predictable using physics to create a general normalized trend, however this would be quite difficult as it is a particulate mixture with many impacting forces.

___

The double role of sediment allows for deeper layers of the crust to remain unfettered by erosion. This means mountains and hills will retain their shape longer as the sediments protects their founding layers.  Sediment in rivers also focuses erosion into the rivers, sculpting river valleys and such things.

____

How resilient is the ocean to chemical perturbations?

_

The ocean is as resilient to any other water mixture. The ocean becomes polluted or dangerous at the same rate that a bottle will. Chemicals will disperse evenly eventually, however they will likely remain and accumulate in a parts per million reading. If a fish tank with a PPM of a dangerous chemical kills the fish, given the ocean reaches that PPM of the dangerous chemical, it will likely kill the same fish.






Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Second Revision of Strategy Game Sextodeath Released

Second Revision of Strategy Game Sextodeath Released



file with two charts, a map, a sample display and full write up of the game and the revisions.


https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzKa5nReFliaWXNvUm9VU1J6alU/edit?usp=sharing

This is a more complete file, the second revision of this perhaps a bit more polish one day. Comments will likely still go to the original.

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

A petition for public STD Awareness


A petition for public STD Awareness

This is a petition to mandate tattoos on the fingers of people infected with incurable sexually transmitted diseases in order to raise awareness and encourage informed decision making when contemplating relations with the individuals at hand.

Many people would choose to practice safe sex were people informed that their partners were infected. One tattoo could be placed on each finger per infection.

a + for for HIV or Aids
a B for Hepatitis B
an H for Herpes
and a P for HPV

There are four fingers, and a small tattoo could easily be covered by a glove or anything, however these could easily be checked by individuals contemplating relations in order to decide which methods of ensuring safety is appropriate.

Contracting an incurable sexually transmitted disease can be scarring, detrimental to livelihoods, and fatal. These are reasons why awareness should be raised. By legally requiring small tattoos on the fingers, this allows people to become informed and make wise decisions in key moments where diseases could be spread simply by looking at the hand of their partner.

I feel this could reduce the transmission rates and raise awareness within communities.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Ratio between Material, Specific Density, and Breaking


All materials have a specific density, interaction with a force can impact and damage the materials in a relatively calculable way.

The denser the object, the more force it will take to move the object. This includes warping and denting.

X = material (in coordinates)
Y=specific density
F= force (in the shape of the object that impacts the material)
D= Distance moved  / Distortion (of the material)

D measured as=  (Start Shape Coordinates)  - (End Shape Coordinates)
B=breaking point - where the material breaks ~

(XY)+F= D

If D> B, a new unit of material breaks off of the original material, perhaps at the point where D < B again.

This also applies if F per Unit is > B per unit

X:Y:F:D is a ratio that could be used to correlate and determine the strength of materials for calculations, in terms of simulating impact of different materials against impacting objects (cars on poles, cars on hay, etc).


Each area would have a different X, and different Y, given they were different materials.

In terms of shape of material, this would be measured as breaking point for a shape of a material, where a point of weak structural integrity would have a lower B than a point of high Structural integrity.

impact at one point, carries force to warp a point beyond the impact point of a curved structure beyond the breaking point and where D>B or F>B the material breaks.

B would be impacted by the angle of impact, and the shape of the material.

Perhaps useful for simulation, who knows, the equations could easily be incorrect, I have no experience in the field.


Army Man Game Write-up (working)


Army Man Game

Amry Man | Range | r  s p f  o i  c
 Rifle        3    1 2 2 1 2 2 1
SMG        2    1 1 2 1 2 2 1
Pistol/Radio    1    2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Flag/Blade    0    Kills All
Specialty    3    1 1 1 0 2 1 2
auto-rifle    3    2 2 1 1 2 2 1
sniper        6    2 2 2 2 2 2 1
car/horse    2    1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2

All Units have 2 Health

1 Movement per turn

Even Grid is the map (graph paper)

Car Has Double Movement

Sniper takes one movement turn to shoot. (e.g, can't move and shoot in the same turn for a sniper)


Accuracy = 1 / Distance (from target)

Distance is one linear unit of the grid.

a unit can fortify during movement phase to sacrifice movement, allowing it to roll to shoot during an enemy's turn given an enemy comes into sight, so long as the fortified unit doesn't move from the position it fortified in.. The fortified unit would roll simultaneously, where 1:1 is a draw, and both units roll again.

perhaps put up walls or buildings to limit visibility and to provide obstacles, obstructing the shots attempted.

Units have visibility so long as it is unobstructed.

Given there were vehicles, a box where a half a line of a graph paper unit could represent a door to a building, or an obstacle vehicles couldn't pass through, where the units could get through the doors and over the obstacles.








Game Play Scenario




Turn Order

Move -> if unit has a shot (roll to shoot) -> end of turn . with the option of standing still. Sniper setting up has a movement cost of one

The board can be confusing, either play as battleship notation,

(I move to my unit to B7, neutral watching map says "Unit in view at D7", I roll to shoot.)

or
(I move my unit to B5, neutral party says "No unit in view")




Each unit and its movements being listed on player papers, to be checked by a neutral party to relay information without giving away troop locations that are out of sight.

The enemy stating when a unit is in view is the only way to do it without making a sort of post-it note maze, even then hand motions would give away troop locations)

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Roller Dome Front-Wheel Drive Concept


Mechanical Debris Filter?


Hinge Basis for Eliminating Variables or Narrowing of Inequalities.

Hinge Basis

The hinge basis provides a crutch for truth, given and questions, the hinge allows one to provide a source for correlation, statistically, or via a constant.

Where one cannot test for Q given X / (YZ) = Q, due to a lack of data, the hinge allows for educated guesses to be made based on any prior knowledge, even broad inequalities justified to a lack of specific or useful data.

X being a number or constant that would prove itself in the scenario, this being applied to quantitative variables in question through the equation providing proof of Variable X

X also being accompanied by equations and uses that affirm it, adding to the statistical set of the proof.

The proof and logic provides its use for a regression to estimate where the unmeasured variable might fall.


Word^Superscript)

Variable X = Statistical set^Variable X)

If Variable X is true, then variable X= Variable Name.

(Variable Name = Statistical set^Variable X) = Truth^Variable X Proof)

Proof= equation correlating numbers, such as the equation of a law or theory

Variable X = Statistical set^Variable X) = True if Truth^Variable X Proof)  is true.

This provides an X to be utilized given any correlation of data where the provided variables are quantitative aspects that can be applied in part of the equation of the Truth provided,

This does not provide answers but rather an angle to see something. Where one does not know Y.

Q = X/(YZ) , Where XY=R , One can find R as a justification to see a ratio of XY where R is involved. This would leave Q: # : # : Z  which would fall into the field of possibility given the inequality range defining the equation was A<Q<B.

This provides a graph saying, were the ratio of X:Y when X:Y = R, knowing Q is <3R, provides a ratio to look for correlation between Q : X : Y : Z in terms of proportion or balance, in a simplification aspect.

This leaves Two Numbers to guess on a plot rather than three, however the truth of the W is dependent on the ratios and correlation between the accessible proof to provide a basis for calculation and correlation, rather than by giving a distinct precise number or measurement.

Toy Army Men Fighting Game, or simple board game


Thursday, July 3, 2014

Latin Life Lessons #25


Latin Life Lessons #25

Gentleman’s dice is a game of craps played while parties involved have strippers dance during a standard game of dice as one would play on the streets, the hope passersby throw money on your stripper, essentially placing bets for you. The gentleman wins through persistence. Pimping ain’t easy, but it pays well.