Wednesday, June 10, 2015
Functional Nuclear Fusion Power Plant Design
This is a modified version of the fantastical bomb-engine; this has been modified to be more realistic and simply provide power like a traditional plant. This must be supplemented by other power sources, as it is very sporadic and provides great power for short periods of time. This can be utilized during peak power times, and hopefully the surge of power that it creates can be utilized and stored efficiently.
There are two tall water-chambers that look much like towers, though these should be housed underground as powerful bombs are detonated inside of them.
There is a large canal from the bottom of the start-chamber that leads into a water-mill that is completely submerged, but the canal only opens into the part of chamber as to allow the water pressure to apply to only one blade and move it in a direction and spin the turbine, rather than all blades simultaneously. so this looks like a U with an o inside of the U, at the bottom of the U, that is the water wheel; and there is also a wall down the center of the U that extends to the tip of the water wheel but still allows the water wheel to rotate.
Water is filled in the U tower to the top, but in the start-chamber there is a dome at the top of the U where there is a screw on cap. One suspends a bomb from this screw on cap, and detonates it within the tower to push the water through the turbine.
There is a door at the top of the U tower but below the dome, and above or below the stagnant water level. This is a large door that is as wide as the tower to allow the maximum amount of water flow from the end-chamber to the start-chamber. This door opens upwards, looking a bit like a mud-flap on a large truck; so that the water is not directed upwards in a way that would cause it to lose some of it’s momentum to gravity. This door opens into the start-chamber and is wider than the hole it covers to ensure that it does not open into the end chamber, as one wants the water, bomb blast, and force to travel from the Start-chamber, through the turbine, and into the end-chamber. The door allows the water pressure that builds up in the end-chamber to escape and flow into the start-chamber, and recycle any force that is still on the water. This creates a circular current in a closed system that utilizes all available momentum of the water to attempt to turn the turbine.
This U can be either vertical or horizontal, but the bomb-cap is located on the top, regardless of the orientation, as one does not want the water to flow out of the power-plant when the bomb-cap is screwed off and removed to allow one to attach a bomb that will be detonated to provide the work needed to move the water and turn the turbine.
The turbine creates power by being rotated like a normal turbine, and it is very very large; this is to avoid the having the turbine heat up with rapid movement and have excessive loss of character due to friction, and also due to the fact that this building is designed to handle the force of a thermo-nuclear bomb being detonated inside of it, and this would be much like choosing to pedal on a low gear rather than a high one, when one is a very powerful bike rider.
The system in short is.
Bomb is lowered into the chamber and suspended in the dome at the top of the start-chamber. The chamber is securely sealed and and all parts of the power-plant are strong enough not to be destroyed by an extremely powerful explosion. The bomb is detonated, and having nowhere to release it’s force in any direction but downwards onto the water below it, this directs all of the force and pressure of the blast onto the water which is then propelled with enough force to spin the large turbine. After the water makes it to the end of the turbine, it collects in the end-chamber and the pressure in the end chamber is now greater than that of the start-chamber, so this pushes open the release door that opens into the start-chamber, allowing the water and vapor to flow into the start chamber. This forms a current within the closed system as the water is moving from high pressure to low pressure and will continue to due this so long as the water can turn the turbine enough to allow water to reach the end-chamber and continue to create this disparate pressure that would otherwise build up if it were not released by the opening of the release-door into the start-chamber from the end chamber.
I do not know how feasible a “nuclear bomb-proof building and turbine” are, but this system would allow one to harness the explosive force of a nuclear bomb or thermonuclear bomb and convert this into electrical power.
One can also have a turbine that is easier for the water to turn; this would reduce the net power generation per second, but it could increase the time that the current would actively be propelling the water enough to turn the turbine, and make it easier to sustain the current for longer periods of time.
This could be seen as traditional hydro-power, where one supplies the momentum and pressure on the water with a nuclear bomb, rather than having this momentum and pressure applied by gravity.
This chamber is filled with liquid water prior to the explosion. This would make me think that regardless of being converted into vapor, the pressure extorted by the water upon the turbine would be the same, and air currents are just as viable as water currents, if all of the water is indeed vaporized; this may however require a modified turbine that is a mix between one that is designed to catch and be propelled by water efficiently and one that is designed to catch and be propelled by vapor efficiently.
I do not know how cost effective this would be, but nuclear bombs were allegedly easy enough to produce that their numbers reached very high levels, even without any applicable use. This gives nuclear bombs an application, and creation of thermonuclear bombs could now be seen as a pacifistic effort. This would only be true if this system were more cost effective than traditional power plants, but so far as I know the materials for a thermonuclear bomb are less threatened than fossil fuels.
One does not have to put a bomb designed to destroy a city within the chamber, one can design a bomb that is weak enough that it will not destroy the power-plant that houses the bomb, but still strong enough to turn the turbine when the force is applied to the water.